The cut type for this diamond shape is known as a Step Cut, this has the appearance of steps going into the diamond - quite different to the more common Brilliant cut type, which is recognized for its brilliance.
This shape appears to not sparkle as much as others, this is due to it not being able to attain the brilliance or fire due to it being cut too shallow. Although, it does have classical beauty and elegance which isn’t really seen in brilliant cuts. The Emerald cut managed to accentuate the clarity, whiteness and color of the diamond.
Origins of the Emerald cut diamond trace back to the 1500’s, where stonecutters had originally created this cut for Emerald Gemstones.
This shape became popular as its reduced pressure during the cutting process meant it prevented chips in the gems. The term Emerald wasn’t used until the 1920’s art deco movement when it saw an increase in popularity. Previous to this it was called the ‘Table’ and ‘Multi-faceted Table’ cut.
- Usually has 57 Facets, though this varies on the number of rows on the Crown and Pavilion.
- An Emerald cut typically has 25 facets on the Crown, 8 on the Girdle and 24 which make up the Pavilion.
- Its ideal ratio ranges from 1.3 to 1.5 - this depends on the taste for the customer. A 1.4 ratio is considered ideal/most popular. Those who wish to have a more square shape opt for a lower ratio, whereas people who prefer the more rectangle shape opt for a higher ratio.